Obstetrics and gynecology are medical terms which are related to the science of female problems and issues related their reproductive system. A layperson would confuse the meanings of these two terms for each other. But these sciences are different in many orders. Some female specialist doctors mention ‘obstetrician/gynecologist' as their specialty because the same doctor can study the two sciences together. If you are a woman and facing issues with your reproductive system or are pregnant, then consult only a certified and experienced OB/GYN (obstetrician/gynecologist).
An OB specializes in pregnancy, baby delivery and post-natal care of the mother and the child. These doctors govern the entire pregnancy period of the mother and ensure that the fetus is in the best condition. Any complications or emergencies are addressed by an obstetrician, and they keep a regular check on the fetus until its delivered. On the contrary, a gynecologist deals with problems related to the female reproductive system. Organs like uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes, ovary system, etc. are primary female organs and any issues with these parts are seen by a gynecologist.
A GYN specializes in rectifying issues from puberty to menopause sans pregnancy. Also, these doctors are proficient in dealing with problems of the urinary system, bowel, and bladder. An OB doctor does not handle the treatment of diseases and only governs the pregnancy period. For example, if a patient is suffering from some vaginal illness, then she has to consult a GYN and not the OB. A gynecologist stays in the picture until pregnancy is confirmed, after that the case gets transferred to an OB. She may turn back to see a GYN if she needs no more pregnancies and requires tubal litigation.
A GYN can perform the duties of an OB. However, its vice-versa has limitations. A female specialist doctor may be a certified consultant of both the branches. These medical disciplines tech same education in initial years before they split their curriculum to specific subject areas. Consult a GYN if you are suffering from menstrual problems and try not to get your case handled by multiple doctors to prevent any distortions.
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