Thursday, 20 April 2017

All you need to know about Dental Extractions

Reasons for Tooth Extraction
  • Damage tooth that needs restoration or replacement. 
  • Congested mouth to prepare for Orthodontia, dental surgery to suitably align the teeth, which is impossible if your teeth are too big for your mouth. 
  • Infection caused by tooth decay that produces bacteria in the mouth. 
  • Risk of infection from immune system that has adjustment, like having an organ transplant.
  • Periodontal disorder leads to loosening of the teeth. 
Tooth Extraction Procedures
  • The dentist will give you an injection of a local anesthetic to paralyzed the area where the tooth will be removed.
  • If more than one tooth needs to pull out or tooth is impacted, the oral surgeon can use a strong general anesthetic.
  • During operation for the damage tooth, the dentist will cut away gum and bone tissue that cover the tooth and then, using forceps, grasp the tooth and mildly push it back and forth to take it out from the jaw bone and ligaments that hold it in place. For some dental patients, if the tooth is hard to pull out, it will eliminate by pieces.
  • After the tooth has been taking out, a blood clot usually forms in the socket. To help stop the bleeding, the dentist will pack a gauze pad into the socket and have you bite down on it. The dental surgeon can also place a few stitches, normally liquefy to close the gum edges over the extraction site.
  • If the bone is exposed in the socket because the blood clot was loose, the dentist might place a sedative dressing over the socket for a few days to preserve it as a new clot forms.
After Dental Extraction Surgery
  • The dentist will prescribe painkillers.
  • To lessen bleeding and permit a clot to form in the tooth socket, bite firmly but mildly on the gauze pad placed by the dentist. Change gauze pads before they become wet with blood. Alternatively, after the extraction leave the pad in place for three to four hours.
  • Place an ice bag to the affected area rapidly after the procedure to reduce swelling. 
  • You should relax at least 24 hours after the extraction and reduce your activity within one to two days.
  • Prevent rinsing forcefully within 24 hours after the extraction to refrain dislodging the clot that forms in the socket.
  • Rinse with your mouth with a solution made of 1/2 teaspoon salt and 8 ounces of warm water after 24 hours.
  • On the first 24 hours, do not drink from a straw.
  • Prevent smoking that can restrain healing.
  • Eat soft foods and moderately add solid foods to your diet as the extraction site heals.
  • Make sure you have enough pillows over your head when lying down because lying flat might prolong bleeding.
  • To prevent infection, you should ensure not reaching the extraction site when brushing and flossing your teeth.
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